Approaches for analytical-scale extraction are developing rapidly as new strategies are implemented to improve sample throughput and to minimize material use in laboratory methods and to develop on-site capabilities. In this contribution, definitions and recommendation for symbols for the terms used in analytical extractions are presented. Exhaustive, microextraction, elevated temperature, microwave- and ultrasound-assisted, parallel batch, flow through systems, and membrane extraction approaches are discussed. An associated tutorial titled “Extraction” provides a detailed introduction to the topic.
Public review ended 31 January 2016
> IUPAC Recommendations published in PAC Volume 88, Issue 5, Pages 517–558, DOI: 10.1515/pac-2015-0903.