A number of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals are related to agriculture:
Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forest, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
Bill Gates of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation recently stated to the international agricultural community that “If you care about the poorest, you care about agriculture.” “Investments in agriculture are the best weapons against hunger and poverty, and they have made life better for billions of people. The international agriculture community needs to be more innovative, coordinated, and focused to help poor farmers grow more. If we can do that, we can dramatically reduce suffering and build self-sufficiency.”
Chemistry, and specifically IUPAC, has a role to play in supporting sustainable agriculture in Africa. Appropriate and safe use of pesticides from both a human and ecological perspective will be a key factor in support of an increase in agricultural production in Africa. Beyond training of farmers in the safe use of pesticides, increased knowledge regarding ecological risk assessment approaches is desired by local regulatory authorities as a means to protect critical water resources and sensitive terrestrial ecosystems.
The objective of this project is to conduct a focused workshop on Ecological Risk Assessment for scientists, students and government officials who will be attending the 3rd International Conference on Innovation and Technology for Development in Nairobi, Kenya on February 23-25, 2016 (https://conference.tukenya.ac.ke). This workshop will be held in parallel to the conference.
Although significant advances in ERA science and technology have been made over the last decade there is a dearth of concise and effective guidance documents and training materials for consistent and systematic practices of pesticide ecological risk assessment in scientifically emerging countries. While the agricultural practices and environmental conditions in each country will vary, key concepts and approaches will remain the same. The successful ERA workshops held in Beijing, Bogota and Santiago showed that there is a great interest in ecological risk assessment processes for pesticides. Both workshops were enthusiastically supported by participants from academia, industry and government. The presentations and the possibility of networking were well received and deemed to be very useful.
The Crop Protection Chemistry Subcommittee of the Chemistry and the Environment Division (Div VI) has completed a number of projects related to ERA, and the committee includes a number of experts on this topic.
1. The task group will work together through electronic communication methods and phone conferences to prepare presentations and other material for the Workshop.
2. Existing documentation developed for the earlier workshops will be modified as appropriate.
3. The task group will work to identify and prioritize any specific needs for Kenya, relevant to assessment procedures, methods, modeling, exposure scenario design principles, risk management standard, and mitigation measures. Where possible this will be extended to cover other countries in East Africa.
This is a continuation of project 2010-056-1-600 which led to successful workshops in Beijing, China, Bogota, Colombia and Santiago, Chile.
See report published in Chem Int Sep 2016, p. 32
As part of the ongoing IUPAC project “A Global Framework for Implementing Consistent Ecological Risk Assessment for Pesticides for Sustainable Agriculture” (project 2016-025-1-600) a sixth Workshop was held in San José, Costa Rica on 13-14 May 2017, in conjunction with the 6th Latin American Pesticide Residue Workshop.
Page last updated 13 Oct 2017