Project Details Terminology and Nomenclature of Inorganic and Coordination Polymer

Project No.:
2011-035-1-800
Start Date:
01 November 2011
End Date:
Division Name:
Chemical Nomenclature and Structure Representation
Division No.:
800

Objective

The nomenclature of inorganic and coordination polymers has not been addressed by IUPAC since 1985* and the associated and burgeoning terminology has as yet not been addressed in context in any IUPAC document. From recent discussions within and between members of Divisions II, IV and VIII it is also clear that the preferences of polymer nomenclature and the rigors of inorganic nomenclature conflict to such an extent that IUPAC should seek a rationalizing accommodation of both interests. This project will serve these purposes.

*Nomenclature for Regular Single-strand and Quasi Single-strand Inorganic and Coordination Polymers, Pure Appl. Chem. 57, 149-168 (1985); doi:10.1351/pac198557010149

Description

IUPAC Division VIII is tasked with the development of unambiguous structure-based chemical nomenclature for a scientific community which by habit establishes its own naming conventions as the need arises. Accordingly, the Division’s work has to be conducted against a background of names, the usage of which is entrenched in the literature and which in many instances will be retained regardless of IUPAC recommendations. Nowhere is this more evident than in the naming of polymers, for which structure-based nomenclature has limited applicability such that the polymer community has long-preferred source-based over structure-based nomenclature.

By working in cooperation with the Polymer Division, source-based nomenclature of organic polymers has been systematized such that the two systems now sit comfortably side-by-side. However, the same cannot be said of the nomenclature of inorganic and coordination polymers for which only a structure-based system has been elaborated.
To date, the recommended nomenclature of regular single-strand inorganic and quasi-single-strand inorganic and coordination polymers is governed for the most part by the same fundamental principles as that of single-strand organic polymers in that the names are those of constitutional repeating units (CRU) prefixed by ‘poly’, but also by catena for linear chains, and where necessary with other structural descriptors and designations for end groups. Quite properly, the CRUs are named by the nomenclature rules for inorganic and coordination chemistry which differ from those of organic chemistry. However, the catena prefix is redundant and has been rarely if ever used by the polymer community, and in the 1985 document there are also names such as oxo, chloro and bromo which in the 2005 edition of the Red Book have been superseded.

There are new metallocene-based polymers, particularly those of ferrocene, which have by custom been accorded source-based names, e.g., poly(ferrocenyldimethylsilane), thereby using one of the methods of organic polymer nomenclature. Likewise, there are new inorganic-organic hybrid polymers for which nomenclature rules have never been elaborated. In addition, the inconsistencies that arise from the preferences of the polymer community set against the rigorous requirements of an exclusively structure-based nomenclature system are abundant and evident. By way of illustration, the polymer -[Si(CH3)2O]n– would now be named by inorganic chemists as catena-poly[(dimethylsilicon)-μ-oxido], by polymer chemists familiar with organic structure-based nomenclature as poly[oxy(dimethylsilanediyl)], and in accordance with tradition as poly(dimethylsiloxane).

Thus, notwithstanding the need to update the 1985 document and given the very significant advances in the subject area that have been made since that date, this is the right time to embark on a rethink of the recommended nomenclature of tractable inorganic and coordination polymers that addresses the practices of the polymer community while respecting the concerns and requirements of inorganic chemists, whose interests in such macromolecules often stem from a quite different perspective.

Progress

April 2012 – project announcement published in Chem. Int. Mar-Apr 2012, p. 20.

May 2016 update – This project is bigger than originally thought but is progressing steadily. The task group will be meeting in August to assess progress to date and plan this final leap.

Page last update 27 May 2016