Project Details Biophysico-Chemical Processes of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds in Environmental Systems

Project No.:
2008-001-1-600
Start Date:
01 May 2008
End Date:
01 November 2011
Division Name:
Chemistry and the Environment Division
Division No.:
600

Objective

Overall goal is to provide the scientific and professional communities with an up-to-date information and critical evaluation by the word-leading scientists on biophysico-chemical processes of anthropogenic organic compounds (AOCs) in soils, sediments, water and air. The specific objectives of this proposed book are to address:

(1) fundamental biophysico-chemical processes of AOCs in the environment,
(2) occurrence and distribution of AOCs in air, water, and soil, and their global cycling,
(3) the state-of-the-art analytical techniques of AOCs, and
(4) restoration of natural environments contaminated by AOCs.

The proposed book will also identify the gaps in knowledge on the subject matter and as such provide future directions to stimulate scientific research to advance the chemical science on biophysico-chemical interfacial reactions of AOCs in various environmental media, leading to the subsequent development of innovative management strategies to sustain environmental quality and ecosystem health on a global scale. This book will be an important addition to the scientific literature and a valuable source of reference for students, professors, scientists and engineers.

Description

Physical, chemical, and biological interactions and processes are not independent but rather interactive. Therefore, it is essential to address these interactions and processes in order to understand the composition, complexity, and dynamics of ecosystems. Keeping these domains separate, no matter how fruitful, cannot hope to deliver on the full promise of modern environmental science.

Anthropogenic organic compounds (AOC) are synthetically made organic chemicals. They range from gasoline components (e.g., benzene, toluene, xylene) to emerging contaminants such as endocrine disrupting chemicals. Due to their wide use and disposal, AOCs are commonly found in our environments such as water we drink, air we breathe and soil from which we get our food. These compounds are often toxic and can severely deteriorate an ecosystem. They can also bioaccumulate through food chains and cause various diseases (and even death) to organisms including humans. AOCs behave differently in various environmental media due to their different physical, chemical and biological components and processes. Therefore, a better and more complete understanding of the biophysico-chemical processes of AOCs in environmental systems is essential for the development of innovative management strategies for sustaining the environment and ecosystem integrity.

Physical, chemical, and biological interfacial interactions and processes govern the fate, transport, availability, exposure and risk of AOCs. However, the fundamentals of many physicochemical and biological interfacial reactions of AOCs and their impacts on ecosystems largely remain unknown. As a result, predictive models for their fate, transport and risk in different media are often off target. To advance the frontiers of knowledge on the subject matter, it would require a concerted effort of scientists in relevant physical and life sciences such as chemistry, mineralogy, geochemistry, microbiology, ecology, and soil, atmospheric, and aquatic sciences. Environmental science is indeed the fusion of physical and life sciences. Scientific progress in advancing the understanding of environmental fate and behavior of AOCs is based ultimately on unification rather than fragmentation of knowledge.

In contrast to the classical books which largely focus on separate, individual physicochemical and biological aspects, this proposed book aims to integrate the frontiers of knowledge on the fundamentals and the impact of physicochemical and biological interactions and processes of AOCs in soil, sediment, water and air. The specific objectives of this proposed book are to address: (1) fundamental biophysico-chemical processes of AOCs in the environment, (2) occurrence and distribution of AOCs in air, water, and soil, and their global cycling, (3) the state-of-the-art analytical techniques of AOCs, and (4) restoration of natural environments contaminated by AOCs. The proposed book will also identify the gaps in knowledge on the subject matter and as such provide future directions to stimulate scientific research to advance the chemical science on biophysico-chemical interfacial reactions in natural habitats.

This book would achieve this goal by bringing together world-renowned international scientists on the subject matter to integrate the current state-of-the-art, especially the latest discoveries, development, and future prospects on AOCs. By virtue of complex nature of the interactions of AOCs with different environmental components and matrixes, no single available technique and instrument is satisfactory yet for determining their fate, transport, availability, and risk in the environment. In order to fully understand the biophysico-chemical interactions and processes of AOCs in the environment, it is critical to know chemical, physical and biological properties of AOCs and their analytical techniques. The proposed book is unique because of its multidisciplinary approach. It will provide a comprehensive and integrated coverage of AOCs in various environments, associated analytical techniques, and restoration of natural environments contaminated by AOCs.

The proposed book will be composed of 24 chapters in four parts. Part I will have 4 chapters focusing on fundamental biophysico-chemical processes of AOCs in the environment, Part II with 7 chapters on AOCs in air, water, and soil, and their global cycling, Part III with 7 chapters on analytical techniques of AOCs, and Part IV with 6 chapters on restoration of natural environments contaminated by organic pollutants. This book will be an advanced treatise on the subject matter and a unique addition to the scientific literature.

Progress

July 2008 – project announcement published in Chem. Int. July 2008

This book is the proposed Volume III in the IUPAC series on Biophysico-Chemical Processes in Environmental Systems

Draft Content

PART I. Fundamental Biophysico-Chemical Processes of Anthropogenic Organic

Compounds in the environment

1. Interaction mechanisms of anthropogenic organics with natural particles
J.J. Pignatello (USA)

2. Mineral catalysis and transformation of organic pollutants
S.A. Boyd (USA)

3. Mineral-organic matter interactions and their implications for sorption of organic contaminants
M. Simpson (Canada)

4. Binding reactions of xenobiotics, microbes, and enzymes on natural particles and the impact on the transformation and fate of organic pollutants in the environment
J. Dec (USA)

PART II. Anthropogenic Organic Compounds in Air, Water, and Soil, and Their Global Cycling

5. Organic chemicals in atmosphere
Wania F (Canada)

6. Sorption of organic compounds at air-particle interfaces
Kai-Uwe Goss (Germany)

7. Antibiotics and pharmaceuticals in soils and sediments
B. Pan and B Xing (USA)

8. Organic pollutants in subsurface environments
Peter Grathwohl (Germany)

9. Endocrine disruptors and pharmaceuticals in water
Shane Snyder (USA) and David Reckhow (USA)

10. Inter-media transfers and global cycling of persistent organic pollutants (POP)
Kevin Jones (UK)

11. Emission and human exposure of organic pollutants: Case studies of selected xenobiotics.
Shu Tao (China)

PART III. Analytical techniques

12. Sampling, extraction and analysis of anthropogenic organics from soil, sediment and air (including GC-MS)
Eddy Zeng (China)

13. NMR application in environmental research of organic compounds
Robert Cook (USA)

14. Soft-ray spectroscopy and spectromicroscopy of organic contaminants in the environment
S.C.B. Myneni (USA)

15. Application of SPME in analyzing organic compounds from complex matrix
Janusz Pawliszyn (Canada)

16. Application of biosensors in environmental analysis
Barcelo D (Spain)

17. Identification of brominated carbazoles (or compounds) in the environment
Ron Hites (USA)

18. Analysis of pharmaceuticals in the environment
Aboul-Enein HY (Egypt)

PART IV. Restoration of natural environments contaminated by organic pollutants

19. Biochemical and molecular mechanisms of remediation of organic chemical-contaminated environments
J.R. van der Meer (Switzerland); A. Singh (Canada),

20. Phytoremediation of persistent organic pollutants in soils
J. White (USA)

21. Biodegradation of xenobiotics in natural environments
J.-M. Bollag (USA)

22. Photo-catalytic degradation of organic contaminants on mineral surface
Jincai Zhao (China)

23. Bioavailability of persistent organic pollutants and risk assessment
Rai S. Kookana (Australia)

24. Abiotic and biotic interactions and the impact on the restoration of organic pollutant-contaminated environments
Nicola Senesi (Italy), J.-M. Bollag and J. Dec (USA), P.M. Huang (Canada)

Nov 2011 – project completed; book published by Wiley, ISBN: 978-0-470-53963-7, May 2011

This book is the 3rd volume published in the series entitled ‘Biophysico-Chemical Processes in Environmental Systems’ published by John Wiley & Sons (Hoboken, N.J.). The first volume was the outcome of project 2004-003-3-600 titled “Biophysico-Chemical Processes of Heavy Metals and Metalloids in Soil Environments”; the second volume was the outcome of IUPAC project 2006-014-1-600 titled “Biophysico-Chemical Processes Involving Natural Nonliving Organic Matter in Environmental Systems”.