Crop protection chemistry is at a critical juncture in Latin America. The region is self-sufficient in food production and there is a resulting need for reliance on agrochemicals and biotechnology for crop protection purposes. In addition to local consumption, export of agricultural products is also a major source of income for some countries within the region, with Europe and the U.S. being two of the most important export destinations. The scientific study, evaluation, and regulation of crop protection chemistry are evolving rapidly in Latin America, particularly with respect to environmental assessment, product quality, and residues in food. There is a growing desire on the part of scientists, regulators, and industry leaders in the region to consider and adopt international approaches to meet Latin American crop protection chemistry needs. Some of the impetus driving this interest is the increased participation in world trade that has occurred during the past decade, which has brought new challenges to the agricultural exporting countries in the region. In the development and adoption of new approaches for crop protection chemistry, there is a need to consider lessons learned in other regions and to adapt for local use the various harmonized approaches which are now available. These include international recommendations and standards from such international bodies as OECD, FAO, and Codex as well as the recommendations of recently completed and ongoing IUPAC projects.
The primary objectives of this project are to:
1. Identify and prioritize the key regional issues related to crop protection chemistry and potential environmental impacts in Brazil and the whole of Latin America.
2. Facilitate exchange of information and ideas regarding harmonized approaches available for the scientific evaluation and regulation of crop protection chemistry.
3. Develop recommendations for advancement of crop protection chemistry in Brazil and all of Latin America.
The first phase of the project, targeted for 2008, will be to evaluate the current situation and state-of-the art with respect to Objective 1. An interdisciplinary working group, comprising experts from academia, government, and industry, will be created to facilitate this effort. Major emphasis will be placed on issues related to product quality, environmental and human safety assessment, and residues in food.
The second phase of the project will be a workshop focused on Objective 2 which will be held in Brazil during 2009 to bring together the diverse regional stakeholders in crop protection chemistry from the research and regulatory communities. Co-sponsorship for this activity has been arranged with the National Institute of Technology (INT), National Association of Professionals on Residues and Organic Pollutants (GARP), and the Agrochemicals Division (AGRO) of the American Chemical Society. The workshop will include presentations, posters, panel discussions, and hands-on demonstrations.
The third phase of the project will be compilation of a set of recommendations related to Objective 3 and will occur during 2010. This will be accomplished via the project working group, augmented with additional experts identified during the workshop. Conclusions and recommendations will be published in both hard copy and electronic format (web-based). It is anticipated that one or more additional IUPAC project proposals may emerge.
*This would be the 8th in a series of regional crop protection chemistry workshop-related projects sponsored by IUPAC since 1988 and the 3rd held in Latin America.
See earlier project 2003-013-1-600
The workshop will take place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on 9-12 November 2009. Visit the workshop website for more info at <www.iupacrio2009.org>
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